Every year, on October 19, World Breast Cancer Day is celebrated as a reminder of the commitment of the entire society in the fight against breast cancer. Breast cancer is the most common tumor in western women. In Spain about 33,307 new breast cancers are diagnosed annually ( Breast cancer data in Spain 2019 ).
WHY A WORLD DAY AGAINST BREAST CANCER?
The international day of breast cancer seeks to raise awareness in society of the importance of research and the early diagnosis of this disease. Because breast cancer is the most common type of tumor in women since:
1 in 8 women will have breast cancer throughout their lives.
Therefore, the AECC has a series of services and programs for the comprehensive care of people with breast cancer:
- Information: because breast cancer is a serious disease, but it can be cured if it is detected in time and lack of information is the main source of fear and anxiety
- Support and assistance: psychological care , social care and support . We also offer advice on aesthetic care ( see video )
- Research , because it is the only thing that will cure breast cancer in the long term.
TYPES OF BREAST CANCER
The breast is a gland. We call breast cancer the tumor originated in the cells and structures of this gland, so breast cancer is an adenocarcinoma .
CARCINOMA IN SITU
This is what is called malignant cell proliferation that occurs inside the breast duct, without crossing the wall of the breast duct, that is, without invasion or infiltration of the surrounding tissue. Can be:
- Ductal carcinoma in situ:Intraductal carcinoma if it is inside a duct.
- Lobular carcinoma in situ:If it’s inside a lobule. Years ago, lobular carcinoma in situ was considered a premalignant lesion, however, it is currently understood as a marker that identifies women with a higher risk of developing invasive breast cancer. The most appropriate term is that of lobular neoplasia.
INVASIVE OR INFILTRATING CARCINOMA
This is the name of the malignant cell proliferation that crosses the natural anatomical border of the duct or lobule, invading the surrounding tissue. There are basically two types of invasive breast cancer:
- Ductal carcinomas:They originate in the cells that line the galactophores ducts (ducts where milk circulates to the nipple). It is the most frequent type, representing 80% of breast infiltrating cancers.
- Lobular carcinomas:They originate in the cells of the breast lobules, where milk is produced. Its incidence is much lower, than 10%.
The information about breast cancer offered on this site does not replace the medical consultation, it is intended as a complement or clarification.